US EB-3 Work Visa Process 2024

Introduction to the US EB-3 Work Visa

The US EB-3 work visa is a popular pathway for foreign workers seeking permanent residency in the United States. This visa caters to skilled workers, professionals, and unskilled workers, offering a route to secure employment and settle in the US. Understanding the application process and requirements is essential for a successful application.

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Eligibility Criteria for the EB-3 Visa

To qualify for the EB-3 visa, applicants must fall into one of the three categories:

Skilled Workers

Skilled workers need at least two years of job experience or training. They must have a job offer from a US employer, and the job must require a minimum of two years of training or experience.


Professionals must hold a US baccalaureate degree or a foreign equivalent. The job offered must require a bachelor’s degree as the minimum educational qualification.

Unskilled Workers

Unskilled workers, or other workers, need less than two years of training or experience. They must have a permanent, full-time job offer from a US employer in a role that requires less than two years of training.

Application Process for the EB-3 Visa

Step 1: Obtain a Job Offer

The first step is to secure a job offer from a US employer. The employer must be willing to sponsor the applicant and prove that there are no qualified US workers available for the position.

Step 2: Labor Certification (PERM)

The US employer must obtain a labor certification from the Department of Labor (DOL). This process, known as PERM (Program Electronic Review Management), ensures that hiring a foreign worker will not negatively impact the wages and working conditions of US workers.

Step 3: Filing Form I-140

Once the labor certification is approved, the employer files Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker, with the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). This form demonstrates the employer’s intent to hire the foreign worker and confirms that the job offer is genuine.

Step 4: Adjustment of Status or Consular Processing

Depending on whether the applicant is already in the US or abroad, they will either file for adjustment of status (Form I-485) if in the US or undergo consular processing if outside the US. This step involves background checks, medical examinations, and an interview.

Processing Time and Costs

Processing Time

The processing time for an EB-3 visa varies. Labor certification can take several months, and Form I-140 processing times depend on the service center handling the case. Adjustment of status or consular processing can add additional months to the timeline.

Costs Involved

Costs include filing fees for labor certification, Form I-140, and adjustment of status or consular processing. Additional costs may include medical examination fees and attorney fees if legal assistance is sought.

Rights and Responsibilities of EB-3 Visa Holders

EB-3 visa holders enjoy several rights, including the ability to live and work in the US permanently. They can also apply for US citizenship after meeting the residency requirements. However, they must adhere to US laws and maintain their employment as per the visa conditions.

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Common Challenges and Solutions

Delays in Processing

Processing delays are common. Staying in regular contact with the employer and immigration authorities can help track the application status and address any issues promptly.

Employment Verification

Ensuring that the job offer and employer meet the requirements is crucial. Providing accurate documentation and seeking legal advice can prevent complications.

Maintaining Status

EB-3 visa holders must maintain their employment status and fulfill all visa conditions to avoid jeopardizing their residency.


The US EB-3 work visa offers a valuable opportunity for foreign workers to secure permanent residency and employment in the United States. By understanding the eligibility criteria, application process, and potential challenges, applicants can navigate the path to obtaining an EB-3 visa successfully. This visa not only opens doors to new career opportunities but also paves the way for a stable and prosperous future in the US.